Water chemistry for the discus tank - pets
Much has been printed about the Discus, or Symphysodon aequifasciatus, its Latin name. The Discus has all the time been given a bad rap for being hard to raise and challenging to keep. Actually, these long-lived fishes are easy to keep as long as a variety of guidelines are followed.
Here, we confer the atypical water parameters that MUST be followed if we are to assure that our Discus contacts are kept happy and healthy.
Testing the Waters
Initially, you will need to test for chloramine and chlorine, pH, and alkalinity. If you are a city dweller, a lot of this in sequence can be gotten from the city waterworks, and even if a good idea to do so, I would not advocate that you rely just on this information. At everywhere from $275 to $425 for a breeding pair, an original investment for a adequate PH/TDS meter is well qualified. Now at King Discus Hatchery, we use a Hanna Combo PH/TDS meter that events in ppt (parts per trillion) for the most correct comprehension of our tanks.
Determining the levels of pH and alkalinity in your base water is the first step in this process. Even though some base water is quite good for the discus with diminutive or no buffering, some water will need big conditioning ahead of the first Discus can be introduced into the tank. Once you know the levels of PH and alkalinity, water chemistry tests must be conducted on a conventional basis.
Test on a conventional basis. When you are comfortable with this process, it is time to and add a few more tests to the run of tests performed.
These tests will be for nitrite and nitrate, phosphate. In the planted tank, you will need to also test for iron and CO2. Test kits are very easy to use if advice are followed to the letter. A distinct digit of drops of the difficult reagent must at all times be accurate, next directives on the test kit, or test consequences can be skewed. Test kits and probes existing for the aquarium are quite economical and easy to use, and can commonly be bought at your local pet bring in store, exceptionally if they concentrate in aquarium keeping.
Toxins in the Water Supply
Be aware that Chlorine or chloramine are routinely added to the water in many urban areas. Using a clean color test kit to clarify the apparition and concentration of any is very advisable. Removing these fundamentals of chlorine or chloramine is a vital part of the administer to accurately form your water. Conditioning is cautiously adjusting the chemistry of the water to raise it to the parameters mandatory for Discus keeping. Aging the water all the way through carbon filtration (mechanical), aging the water, and appropriate exposure to air will be of benefit. Be aware, though, that drying will not confiscate chloramine from your water. Chlorine can also be distant by adding together all set chlorine removers, but Nick Lockhart, the breeder for King Discus Hatchery, is not fond of using buffering agents. Continuous water changes in the Discus tank will only leach these buffers, and then you are unsure of where your water chemistry is at. Nonentity will harm the Discus more than wild fluctuations of PH. It is much more advisable to use annul osmosis or deionization. We use RO, with a exclusive Peat Moss filter to accomplish our parameters. The course of RO with fine tuned filtration of the RO water will confiscate in effect all toxins, but one must be aware that Discus cannot live in pure RO water, and steps must again be taken to assure appropriate levels of acidity/PH in the RO water. Chloramine is a blend of chlorine and ammonia, and some water companies need to use this for disinfection of the water supply.
If these clear-cut tests are done on a conventional basis, and care is taken to assure that there are no wild PH swings in the Discus tank, your sensation as a Discus breeder are much higher.
Alden Smith is a available author, and has been marketing on the internet for 7 years. His website, King Discus, is an effective gathering place for discus breeders and lovers of discus fish. His wife Betsy is the executive of All The Best Recipes a site rich in online recipes and cookbooks.
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